I first wrote about polymorphic malware four years ago. I recall having a hard time getting an editor to approve publication of my piece because he claimed none of his readers would be interested in the concept. Yet in the time since then, polymorphism has gone from virtually unknown to standard practice by malware writers. Indeed, it has become so common that most descriptions of attacks don’t even call it out specifically. Webroot in its annual threat assessment from earlier this year reported that almost all malware it has seen had demonstrated polymorphic properties. You can think of it as a chameleon of malware.
In this post for Dark Reading, I describe how polymorphism has gotten popular with both attackers and defenders alike, the different approaches that the vendors have taken, and some suggestions on keeping it out of your infrastructure.